Ylang Ylang (Extra) Essential Oil

Botanical Name:
Cananga odorata
Country of Origin:
Plant Part:
Distillation Method:
Naturally Grown
Overall Profile
Primary Constituents
beta caryophyllene
germacrene D
alpha farnesene
benzyl benzoate
geranyl acetate
  • 4oz -
  • 8oz -
  • 16oz -
  • 1Kg -
  • Sample -
View full GC/MS Report
100% pure essential oil of Ylang Ylang, this 'Extra' is from first part of the first hour of distillation of the flower, Naturally grown in Madagascar. This is a very well-balanced, highly recommended Ylang Ylang.


Ylang Ylang Essential Oil. This essential oil comes from the flowers of a large, rapid-growing tree that is a member of the custard-apple family. Ylang Ylang grows wildly in the tropical forests of Indonesia, the Philippines, Madagascar and Reunion Islands. 


Our steam distilled Ylang Ylang comes from Madagascar, the world's largest producer of this exotic oil. It's rare and exceptionally delicate scent makes this a distinct fragrance for perfumes. This Extra essential oil is the brightest and most floral of the varieties. Its name comes from how it is distilled. It is extracted from the flowers and separated into different grades known as: Extra, 1, 2 or 3. Ours comes from the first part, or shortest in duration, of the distillation process. The Extra variety hold some 30 constituents including esters, phenols, and sesquiterpenes.

The flowers are distinguishable by their color. Pink, mauve, and yellow varieties exist. The best oil comes from the yellow flowers, which are handpicked in the cool mornings of early summer. This essential oil is produced by steam distilling Ylang Ylang flowers from Madagascar. The flowers may be distilled several times, and the oil varies in quality, depending on the distillation. This oil is from the very first minutes of the distillation, the Ylang Ylang fraction called 'extra', and is considered the very finest quality, sought after by natural perfumers and aromatherapists alike. It is the most floral aroma of the various distillations.

We also offer a Ylang Ylang Complete essential oil, which is a blend from the various stages of distillation. It is a less delicate, more full-bodied Ylang Ylang oil.

Aromatherapy Notes

This Ylang Ylang essential oil has intoxicating sweet tropical fruit, orange and banana-ester top notes, complex, musty, rose and jasmine-like floral middle notes poured over balsamic, slightly wooded and resinous undertones. Often included in fine perfume blends, this oil is wonderful unto itself yet can blend harmoniously with: Rosewood, Jasmine, Vetiver, Bergamot, Balsam, Rose, and Jasmine oil. Ylang Ylang Oil is often used in men's fragrances as an alternative to the sweeter and more feminine rose essential oil.

Traditional Uses

Ylang Ylang has long been used for its relaxing qualities. It has generally been reserved for use in cosmetic applications such as facial cremes, hair tonics and perfumes. The special Macassar hair dressing used in Victorian England contained ylang ylang as a primary ingredient. It was also traditionally strewn on the beds of newlyweds in Java. Ylang Ylang is commonly used as a flavoring in ice cream in Madagascar. It promotes a calm and clear state and brings into balance the feminine and masculine energies. 

Therapeutic Properties

Therapeutic Properties Described in The Aromatherapy Literature

From The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy1:

  • Antidepressant, Antiseptic, Aphrodisiac, Hypotensive, Sedative
  • Softening and balancing for skin care
  • Fischer-Rizzi: “Upon inhaling ylang ylang with its heavy seductive, sweet aroma one can imagine a fiery, temperamental, passionate, and erotic person with an awesome radiance and confidence never losing her balance.”

From The Art of Aromatherapy2:

  • Euphoric, sedative effect on the nervous system
  • Excellent aphrodisiac qualities
  • Good as a massage oil and for facial skin care

Ylang Ylang in Research

When you smell the aroma of ylang ylang, the emotionally balancing and uplifting effects speak for themselves, but recent research emphasizes the positive effects that this oil can have. Scientific studies have found that ylang ylang has a ‘harmonizing effect’ of decreasing arousal of the autonomic nervous system, while also being mentally stimulating3. It has also been found to have significant anxiety-reducing4 and calming effect, which can be measured physiologically by a reduction in blood pressure5.

Summary of Research Studies

  • Absorption of ylang ylang oil through the skin with topical application was shown to have significant relaxant effects. The ylang ylang "caused a significant decrease of blood pressure and a significant increase of skin temperature. At the behavioral level, subjects in the ylang ylang oil group rated themselves more calm and more relaxed than subjects in the control group."3
  • "A study investigating the mental and physiological effects of inhaling ylang ylang essential oil found that it "reduced the level of arousal of the autonomic nervous system", decreasing pulse rate and systolic blood pressure. On the behavioral level, however, "subjects did not feel more relaxed or drowsy, but in contrast reported to feel more attentive and more alert". The researchers interpret this effect as being "characterized by the concept of 'harmonization' rather than relaxation/sedation."4
  • Exposure to ylang ylang essential oils had significant anxiolytic (anxiety reducing) effects in a study on mice. Researchers suggest that this effect may be due to the presence of benzyl benzoate in the oil.5

Application and Use


Ylang ylang essential oil is non-toxic and non-irritating. Test a small amount on the skin before applying liberally. As with all essential oils, please consult a physician if you are pregnant or nursing or if you have pre-existing medical conditions.


1 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holystic Aromatherapy, 2003.

2 Tisserand, Robert. The Art of Aromatherapy: The Healing and Beautifying Properties of the Essential Oils of Flowers and Herbs. Healing Arts Press, 1994.

3 Hongratanaworakit, Tapanee, and Gerhard Buchbauer. “Relaxing Effect of Ylang Ylang Oil on Humans after Transdermal Absorption.” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 20, no. 9, Sept. 2006, pp. 758–763., doi:10.1002/ptr.1950.

4 Hongratanaworakit, T., and Gerhard Buchbauer. “Evaluation of the Harmonizing Effect of Ylang-Ylang Oil on Humans after Inhalation.” Planta Medica, vol. 70, no. 7, 2004, pp. 632–636., doi:10.1055/s-2004-827186.

5 Zhang, Nan, et al. “The Anxiolytic Effect of Essential Oil of Cananga Odorata Exposure on Mice and Determination of Its Major Active Constituents.” Phytomedicine, vol. 23, no. 14, 15 Dec. 2016, pp. 1727–1734., doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2016.10.017.