Sandalwood (Australian) Essential Oil

Botanical Name:
Santalum spicatum
Country of Origin:
Australia
Plant Part:
Heartwood
Distillation Method:
Steam
Cultivation:
Wild Grown
Overall Profile
Sesquiterpenols
92.45%
Sesquiterpenes
3.56%
Other
3.33%
Primary Constituents
alpha santalol
21.23%
farnesol
15.98%
e nuciferol
13.77%
cedren-13-ol
10.07%
alpha bisabolol
10.07%
  • 4oz -
    $809.66
  • 8oz -
    $1,546.49
  • 16oz -
    $2,950.76
  • 1Kg -
    $5,554.10
  • Sample -
    $2.58
View full GC/MS Report

Wholesale Pure Australian Sandalwood Essential Oil

100% pure essential oil of Australian Sandalwood, steam distilled from wildgrown, sustainably-harvested heartwood. This is an exceptional Australian Sandalwood, with a deep and complex character. This is a very therapeutic Sandalwood oil, with a natural alpha-santalol content of over 20%, and a wonderful aroma. This Australian Sandalwood Oil is available from sample size up to 1 kg or more.

ABOUT THE PLANT

This spicatum species of Sandalwood is a relatively short (3-8 meter) parasitic tree. It is native to the dry inland regions of western and southern Australia where it grows in diverse communities of other trees that it relies on for its nutrients.

ABOUT THE OIL

This essential oil is created by steam distilling the heartwood of Sandalwood trees wild grown and sustainably harvested in Australia. The Western Australian government has declared large reserves, with regeneration encouraged by seeding and protection against grazing. NOTE: It is common to find oils distilled from the wood of S. lanceolatum and Eremophila mitchelli to be sold in the marketplace labeled as "Sandalwood" essential oil, however, neither the aromatic compounds nor the medicinal attributes are similar enough to true Sandalwood to act as a substitute.

Aromatherapy Notes

This Sandalwood oil has a softer aroma compound than the austrocaledonicum or album varieties. It has a mildly mandarin blossom and jasmine top note, a soft, herbaceous middle note and musty, syrup-like and musk-like undertones. It remains a masculine scent, yet this variety and distillation leans into a rounder and more floral composition. Sandalwood makes a wonderful natural perfume without any blending and also harmonizes well with: Eucalyptus radiata, Basil, Peppermint, Vanilla, and Pine Oil. Sandalwood is used extensively in natural perfumery as a base note and fixative; it also acts to harmonize other aromas without overpowering them.

Traditional Uses

Long before its therapeutic qualities were known, Sandalwood essential oil, sawdust, and gum were molded into incense for use in yoga and other meditative practices to harness stillness of mind and unity of being. With a history of 4,000 years of use, Sandalwood essential oil is one of the oldest known perfume components. It has also been employed in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries as a skin tonic and mental balancing agent. Australian aborigines soaked and boiled sandalwood bark in water to make a cough remedy and the seeds were used to relieve stiffness and cold symptoms.1

Therapeutic Properties

Therapeutic Properties Described in The Aromatherapy Literature

From The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy1:

  • Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Carminative, Emollient, Expectorant, Sedative
  • Found to have considerable antibacterial and antiviral effects
  • Soothing, cooling, and moisturizing on the skin
  • Quieting to mental chatter and recommended for meditation

Sandalwood in Research

Studies on sandalwood have found it to have many important therapeutic properties including skin protection against UV rays2, antimicrobial3 and antiviral activity4, both arousing5 and sedating effects6,7,8, anti-anxiety9,10,11, and potential anti-cancer properties12,13.

Summary of Research Studies

  • The sandalwood component α-santalol was shown to protect skin from ultraviolet radiation and have preventative activity against skin cancer in hairless mice.2
  • Sandalwood was found to have significant antimicrobial effects against yeast and various bacterial strains in vitro.3
  • An in vitro study found that sandalwood essential oil prevents the herpes simplex virus from replicating.4
  • Inhalation of sandalwood causes arousal of the autonomic nervous system and self-reported alertness. Physiologically, researchers reported that it "increased ANS arousal, specifically pulse rate and skin conductance level".5
  • A study in sleep-disturbed rats found that inhalation of santalol increased the total sleeping time and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, which is thought to be important for cerebral restoration. This sleep-promoting effect was present even in animals that couldn't smell, suggesting it occurs on a chemical level above and beyond the olfactory system. According to the researchers, "it is concluded that santalol may be useful in patients having difficulty maintaining sleep without being affected by individual differences in perfume-related preference".6
  • Molecules in sandalwood were found to have a sedative effect on the central nervous system in mice.7
  • Another study investigating the effects of aromatherapy massage with sandalwood oil reported a reduced arousal of the autonomic nervous system, although subjects did not report feeling drowsier, but rather more alert. The researchers interpret these results as suggesting that "the effects of essential sandalwood oil may be characterized by the concept of 'harmonization' rather than relaxation/sedation".8
  • Aromatherapy massage including sandalwood, sweet orange, and lavender was found to have "both short- and long-term effects on anxiety reduction in breast cancer patients." According to the researchers, these "results suggest that aromatherapy massage is a viable complementary therapy that significantly reduces anxiety".9
  • In a small pilot study, sandalwood aromatherapy showed potentially beneficial effects on anxiety in palliative care patients.10
  • Inhalation of sandalwood oil caused significant reduction of anxiety-related behaviors in mice placed in a stressed condition.11
  • α-Santalo was found to cause spontaneous cell death of prostate cancer cells in vitro.12
  • An in-vitro study found that santalol in sandalwood had anti-cancer activity against melanoma, non-melanoma, breast, and prostate cancer cells, including "proapoptotic, antiproliferative, antiangiogenic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities". These findings validify pursuit of further clinical trials to determine the efficacy of santalol as a cancer treatment in humans.13

Application and Use

Safety

Sandalwood essential oil is non-toxic, a non-irritant and non-sensitizing. If pregnant or considering using the oil for self-medication purposes, consultation with a physician is recommended.

References

1 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holystic Aromatherapy, 2003.

2 Dwivedi, C., et al. “Chemopreventive Effects of α-Santalol on Ultraviolet B Radiation-Induced Skin Tumor Development in SKH-1 Hairless Mice.” Carcinogenesis, vol. 27, no. 9, 1 Sept. 2006, pp. 1917–1922., doi:10.1093/carcin/bgl058.

3 Jirovetz, Leopold, et al. “Comparative Study on the Antimicrobial Activities of Different Sandalwood Essential Oils of Various Origin.” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 21, no. 3, 2006, pp. 465–468., doi:10.1002/ffj.1625.

4 Benencia, F. and Courrèges M. C. “Antiviral Activity of Sandalwood Oil against Herpes Simplex Viruses-1 and -2.” Phytomedicine, vol. 6, no. 2, 1999, pp. 119–123., doi:10.1016/s0944-7113(99)80046-4.

5 Heuberger, Eva, et al. “East Indian Sandalwood and α-Santalol Odor Increase Physiological and Self-Rated Arousal in Humans.” Planta Medica, vol. 72, no. 9, 2006, pp. 792–800., doi:10.1055/s-2006-941544.

6 Ohmori, Asae, et al. “Effect of Santalol on the Sleep-Wake Cycle in Sleep-Disturbed Rats.” Japanese Journal of Psychopharmacology, vol. 27, no. 4, Sept. 2007, pp. 167–171.

7 Okugawa, H., et al. “Effect of α-Santalol and β-Santalol from Sandalwood on the Central Nervous System in Mice.” Phytomedicine, vol. 2, no. 2, 1995, pp. 119–126., doi:10.1016/s0944-7113(11)80056-5.

8 Hongratanaworakit, T., et al. “Evaluation of the Effects of East Indian Sandalwood Oil and α-Santalol on Humans after Transdermal Absorption.” Planta Medica, vol. 70, no. 1, 2004, pp. 3–7., doi:10.1055/s-2004-815446.

9 Imanishi, Jiro, et al. “Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy Massage in Patients with Breast Cancer.” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, 2009, pp. 123–128., doi:10.1093/ecam/nem073.

10 Kyle, Gaye, et al. “Evaluating the Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in Reducing Levels of Anxiety in Palliative Care Patients: Results of a Pilot Study.” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol. 12, no. 2, 2006, pp. 148–155., doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2005.11.003.

11 Satou, Tadaaki, et al. “Prolonged Anxiolytic-like Activity of Sandalwood (Santalum AlbumL.) Oil in Stress-Loaded Mice.” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 29, no. 1, 2013, pp. 35–38., doi:10.1002/ffj.3176.

12 Bommareddy, Ajay, et al. “α-Santalol, a Derivative of Sandalwood Oil, Induces Apoptosis in Human Prostate Cancer Cells by Causing Caspase-3 Activation.” Phytomedicine, vol. 19, no. 8-9, 2012, pp. 804–811., doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2012.04.003.

13 Santha, S. and Dwivedi, C. “Anticancer Effects of Sandalwood (Santalum Album).” Anticancer Research, vol. 35, no. 6, June 2015, pp. 3137–3145.