Bergamot Essential Oil

Botanical Name:
Citrus bergamia
Country of Origin:
Italy
Plant Part:
Rind
Distillation Method:
Cold Pressed
Cultivation:
Certified Organic
Overall Profile
Monoterpenes
53.1%
Esters
33.56%
Monoterpenols
13.34%
Primary Constituents
limonene
41.11%
linalyl acetate
32.7%
linalool
13.34%
gamma terpinene
5.28%
beta pinene
4.98%
  • 16oz -
    $200.41
  • 1Kg -
    $358.20
  • Sample -
    $2.58
View full GC/MS Report

Wholesale Organic Bergamot Essential Oil

From Wholesale Essential Oils, 100% pure certified-Certified Organic Bergamot essential oil. This is an exceptional oil with an incredible body we've not experienced in any other Bergamot. It has a wonderful, rich, sweet-tart aroma. It is a powerful antidepressant and stress reliever. This Bergamot Essential Oil is available in bulk quantities up to 1kg or more and is guaranteed to be of the highest therapeutic quality.

ABOUT THE OIL

Bergamot is pressed from the fruit, which actually offers four common varieties of essential oils: Bergamot, Neroli (from the flowers which become the fruit), Petitgrain, from leaves and branches with unripe fruit, and "Neroli Petitgrain", the branches distilled when the flowers are in full-bloom. Citrus bergamia, also called Citrus aurant bergamia is native to the Mediterranean, growing to 12 meters in height when uncultivated. Bergamot originates from a small coastal area of southern Calabria in Italy where the trees grow to their fullest. The tree has smooth oval leaves and produces small yellow fruit that is very bitter and thus, normally not eaten. Unable to be propagated by seed, Bergamot cuttings must be grafted onto other citrus tree rootstock such as lemon or bitter orange. This light greenish-yellow essential oil is cold-pressed from the outer peels of Bergamot orange fruit picked from trees Certified Organically grown in Italy. Bergamot can have a range of aromas and aromatic intensities. There are some that are produced from fruit that are not picked quite at the right time or perhaps have not had ideal rains and temperatures for the season -- this can result in oils that seem weak when sampled. Other finer oils can be more distinctly sweet and the finest are those that give you a true "sweet-tart" experience. This is the oil that we've been able to find, and it is one of our absolute favorites.

Aromatherapy Notes

This is a light green colored oil with a bright, refreshing, sweet-tart citrus aroma. It has herbaceous and slightly balsamic undertones with a hint of spice. This bergamot oil has an uplifting and energetic quality that makes it an excellent choice as a pick-me-up and tension reliever.

Traditional Uses

Bergamot has had many uses over time, including various perfumery applications and traditional medicinal uses. The name bergamot originates from the Turkish “beg-armûdī”, for prince’s pear, and has been held in high esteem for centuries.2 It is known to have been an important complimentary therapy in many ancient civilizations, such as India, Egypt, and China.2 Originally, the bergamot tree was found exclusively for ornamental purposes in the gardens of Italian aristocrats.2 Production of bergamot was greatly stimulated in the 16th century in Italy when the Feminis family introduced eau-de-cologne, a scented toilet water made from bergamot oil.3 It has also been used in Italian folk medicine for the treatment of fevers and worms.4 Bergamot has also been used traditionally as the distinct flavoring in Earl Grey tea. Today it is difficult to find any perfume that does not contain bergamot essential oil.

Therapeutic Properties

Therapeutic Properties Described in The Aromatherapy Literature

From The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy5:

  • Antidepressant, Antiseptic, Antibiotic, Anti-spasmodic, Stomachic, Calmative, Carminative, Deodorant, Febrifugal, Vermifugal and Vulnerary.

From The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy1:

  • Bergamot oil is therapeutic for nervous indigestion and loss of appetite from emotional stress.
  • The floral scent of bergamot gives it sedative, yet uplifting characteristics.
  • Recommended for people with tense, anxious, or depressive tendencies
  • Mojay: “bergamot encourages the release of pent up feelings…helps us to relax and ‘let go’.”
  • Fisher-Rizzi: “bergamot’s sunny and warming disposition helps people regain self-confidence, and it uplifts and refreshes the spirit”.

Bergamot in Research

Medical Applications:

While traditional use of bergamot has been primarily focused on perfumery, recent research has shown that bergamot oil actually has numerous potential medical uses as well. It has been shown to have pain blocking properties6, beneficial psychological and physiological effects7, the ability to minimize symptoms of stress-induced anxiety, mild mood disorders and cancer pain8, 9, neuroprotective capabilities10, and potential anti-cancer activity11, 12.

Summary of Research Studies:

  • Bergamot essential oil reduced the pain response to capsaicin in mice. One of the main components of bergamot, linalool, may be responsible for this pain-blocking activity.6
  • Inhaling bergamot vapor had a significant effect in reducing negative emotions and fatigue and reduced cortisol (stress hormone) levels in less than 30 minutes.7
  • Bergamot reduced neuronal damage and cell death caused by excitotoxins (like MSG) that are known to overstimulate and damage neural receptors.10
  • The combined action of limonene and linalyl acetate, two of the primary constituents of bergamot are found to be responsible for activating multiple death pathways in cancer cells.11
  • Researchers have created special formulations of bergamot essential oil, called liposomes, that improve its water solubility and increase cancer-fighting activity.12

Other Applications:

Studies have found that coating produce in bergamot oil acts as a natural preservative and antimicrobial agent.13 Bergamot has also been found to have antifungal activity and may be useful as a topical antifungal agent. 14

 

Application and Use

Safety

Bergamot oil is considered non-toxic, yet it does contain bergaptene, a constituent that can be phototoxic and therefore skin should not be exposed to excessive amounts of direct sunlight for 72 hours after topical application. Further, Bergamot oil is recommended for use at low concentrations (3% or less in carrier oil), as it can irritate the skin. If pregnant or breastfeeding, consultation with a physician is recommended.

References

1 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holysitc Aromatherapy, 2003.

2 Maruca, Gina, et al. “The Fascinating History of Bergamot (Citrus Bergamia Risso & Poiteau), the Exclusive Essence of Calabria: A Review.” Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering A, vol. 6, no. 1, 2017, doi:10.17265/2162-5298/2017.01.003.

3 Weiss, E. A. Essential Oil Crops. CAB International, 1997.

4 Tisserand, Robert. The Art of Aromatherapy. C.W. Daniel, 1994.

5 Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.

6 Sakurada, Tsukasa, et al. “Intraplantar Injection Of Bergamot Essential Oil Into The Mouse Hindpaw.” International Review of Neurobiology, 2009, pp. 237–248., doi:10.1016/s0074-7742(09)85018-6.

7 Watanabe, Eri, et al. “Effects of Bergamot (Citrus Bergamia(Risso) Wright & Arn.) Essential Oil Aromatherapy on Mood States, Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity, and Salivary Cortisol Levels in 41 Healthy Females.” Complementary Medicine Research, vol. 22, no. 1, 2015, pp. 43–49., doi:10.1159/000380989.

8 Navarra, Michele, et al. “Citrus Bergamia Essential Oil: from Basic Research to Clinical Application.” Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol. 6, 2 Mar. 2015, doi:10.3389/fphar.2015.00036.

9 Bagetta, Giacinto, et al. “Neuropharmacology of the Essential Oil of Bergamot.” Fitoterapia, vol. 81, no. 6, 2010, pp. 453–461., doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2010.01.013.

10 Corasaniti, M T, et al. “Cell Signaling Pathways in the Mechanisms of Neuroprotection Afforded by Bergamot Essential Oil against NMDA-Induced Cell Death in Vitro.” British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 151, no. 4, June 2007, pp. 518–529., doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707237.

11 Russo, Rossella, et al. “Implication of Limonene and Linalyl Acetate in Cytotoxicity Induced by Bergamot Essential Oil in Human Neuroblastoma Cells.” Fitoterapia, vol. 89, 2013, pp. 48–57., doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2013.05.014.

12 Celia, Christian, et al. “Anticancer Activity of Liposomal Bergamot Essential Oil (BEO) on Human Neuroblastoma Cells.” Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 112, 2013, pp. 548–553., doi:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.09.017.

13 Sánchez-González, Laura, et al. “Effect of Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose and Chitosan Coatings with and without Bergamot Essential Oil on Quality and Safety of Cold-Stored Grapes.” Postharvest Biology and Technology, vol. 60, no. 1, 2011, pp. 57–63., doi:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.11.004.

14 Sanguinetti, M., et al. “In Vitro Activity of Citrus Bergamia (Bergamot) Oil against Clinical Isolates of Dermatophytes.” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 59, no. 2, 2006, pp. 305–308., doi:10.1093/jac/dkl473.