Basil (c.t. Methyl Chavicol) Essential Oil

Botanical Name:
Ocimum basilicum (c.t. Methyl Chavicol)
Country of Origin:
Vietnam
Plant Part:
Leaves and Tops
Distillation Method:
Steam
Cultivation:
Naturally Grown
Overall Profile
Monoterpenols
98.12%
Sesquiterpenes
1.78
Esters
0.1%
Primary Constituents
estragole
85.22%
linalool
12.79%
humulene
1.11%
bergamotene
0.38%
3,7-nonadien-2-one
0.11%
  • 16oz -
    $120.70
  • 1Kg -
    $209.51
  • Sample -
    $0.99
View full GC/MS Report

Wholesale Pure Basil Essential Oil

From Wholesale Essential Oils, pure 'Spicy' Basil Essential Oil. Our Basil comes from Vietnam and has a minty-cooling aroma that offers a distinctive licorice-like note. This 'Spicy' Basil Essential Oil can be sampled and is available for bulk wholesale up to 1kg or more.

ABOUT THE OIL

Basil of the methyl chavicol chemotype is also known as spicy, exotic, or Reunion basil is has been found to have potent antimicrobial and antifungal properties.

Aromatherapy Notes

This varietal of Basil oil is slightly sharper than the Sweet type, with a camphoraceous and herbaceous top note and in intense anise-like sweetness from the methyl chavicol content.

Traditional Uses

Basil essential oil has been referred to as the royal oil to strengthen the mind and heart. The name itself is rooted in the Greek word “basilikón”, meaning “royal” or “kingly”.1

Basil has traditionally been used in Ayurveda to target a wide array of problems such as arthritis, rheumatism, muscular aches, fever, and treatment of chronic infections.2 It is commonly used in aromatherapy to sharpen the mind, enhance memory and to be beneficial toward respiratory conditions such as bronchitis, coughs and chest colds.

In addition to its therapeutic properties, basil also has a rich history in cultures throughout the world and in spiritual ceremonies. In Jewish tradition, basil is said to restore strength during fasting for Yom Kippur.3 For Italians, basil traditionally symbolizes love.3 In the Greek Orthodox religion, priests use basil to bless the holy waters.4 In India, loved ones place basil in the hands of the dying to help them journey into the next life. As far back as ancient Egypt, the energy of basil has been revered. They would scatter the basil blossoms over tombs because it was thought to open the gates of heaven.5

Therapeutic Properties

Therapeutic Properties Described in The Aromatherapy Literature

From The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy6:

  • Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Carminative, Emmenagogic, Nervine, Stomachic, Tonic

From The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy7:

  • Useful in digestive disorders
  • Basil was known as an aphrodisiac
  • Phenolic ethers make Basil “ideal for treatment of spasmodic abdominal pain and for asthmatic conditions”
  • A warming oil that lifts the spirit – the scent is uplifting, awakening, clarifying and stimulating

Basil in Scientific Research

Medical Uses:

Recent research suggests that basil has incredible potential as a natural remedy in many medical applications. It has been found to have antibacterial8,9, antifungal10, and antioxidant11 properties. Research also shows that basil has the power to protect against DNA damage11,12,13. Groundbreaking studies even suggest that basil could play a role in therapies to fight cancer!14,15

Other applications:

Research has found that basil also has the potential to be used as a preservative to prevent food-born illnesses and that it could be used as a natural, safe pesticide16.

Summary of Research Studies:

  • Basil oil kills Salmonella bacteria in food8
  • Basil kills bacteria that cause acne9
  • Basil oil destroys fungal growth10
  • Various compounds in basil oil have insecticidal properties against fruit flies16
  • Basil oil was found to have anti-proliferative activity against human mouth epidermal carcinoma and murine leukemia cancer cells14
  • Basil oil was found to inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion, and induce cell death of pancreatic cancer cells15
  • Basil oil has strong antibacterial activity against numerous bacteria known to cause infectious diseases, including Streptococcus pneumoniae (causes Pneumonia and Pneumococcal meningitis)13
  • Basil oil and the estragole in basil were found to induce DNA repair in rat liver cells12
  • Antioxidant properties of linalool in basil oil protect against DNA damage13

Application and Use

Safety

Over and improper use of 'Exotic' or 'Spicy' Basil should be avoided, as it can over-stimulate the nervous system. The Methyl Chavicol type is still relatively safe, though should not be used during pregnancy. Otherwise, it is a non-toxic, non-irritant with possible sensitivity in some individuals. Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction. For children, always choose the 'Sweet' or 'Linalool' type Basil.

References

1 “Basil.” Collins English Dictionary, www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/basil.

2 Hiltunen, R. and Holm, Y. (2003). Basil: The Genus Ocimum. CRC Press. pp. 120–1. ISBN 9780203303771.

3 Tova Navarra (1 January 2004). The Encyclopedia of Vitamins, Minerals, and Supplements. Infobase Publishing. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-1-4381-2103-1

4 “Blessing of the Waters Known as Agiasmos Conducted by a Greek Orthodox Priest.” Greek Island of Crete - The Something for Everyone Island!, www.completely-crete.com/blessing-of-the-waters.html.

5 “Basil.” Herbal Encyclopedia, 5 Dec. 2010, www.cloverleaffarmherbs.com/basil/.

6 Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.

7 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holysitc Aromatherapy, 2003.

8 Rattanachaikunsopon, P., and Phumkhachorn, P. “Antimicrobial Activity of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum) Oil Against Salmonella Enteritidis in Vitro and in Food.”Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, vol. 74, no. 6, 2010, pp. 1200–1204., doi:10.1271/bbb.90939.

9 Viyoch, J., et al. “Evaluation of in Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Thai Basil Oils and Their Micro-Emulsion Formulas against Propionibacterium Acnes.” International Journal of Cosmetic Science, vol. 28, no. 2, 2006, pp. 125–133., doi:10.1111/j.1467-2494.2006.00308.x.

10 Oxenham, S. K., et al. “Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oil of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum).”Journal of Phytopathology, vol. 153, no. 3, 2005, pp. 174–180., doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.00952.x.

11 Berić, Tanja, et al. “Protective Effect of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.) against Oxidative DNA Damage and Mutagenesis.” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 2, 2008, pp. 724–732., doi:10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.102.

12 Müller, Lutz, et al. “The Genotoxic Potential in Vitro and in Vivo of the Allyl Benzene Etheric Oils Estragole, Basil Oil and Trans-Anethole.” Mutation Research Letters, vol. 325, no. 4, 1994, pp. 129–136., doi:10.1016/0165-7992(94)90075-2.

13 Hanif, M.A.,et al. "Essential oil composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of unexplored Omani basil." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5.5 (2011): 751-757.

14 Manosroi, J., et al. “Anti-Proliferative Activity of Essential Oil Extracted from Thai Medicinal Plants on KB and P388 Cell Lines.” Cancer Letters, vol. 235, no. 1, 2006, pp. 114–120., doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2005.04.021.

15 Shimizu, T., et al. “Holy Basil Leaf Extract Decreases Tumorigenicity and Metastasis of Aggressive Human Pancreatic Cancer Cells in Vitro and in Vivo: Potential Role in Therapy.” Cancer Letters, vol. 336, no. 2, 2013, pp. 270–280., doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2013.03.017.

16 Chang, Chiou Ling, et al. “Insecticidal Activity of Basil Oil, Trans-Anethole, Estragole, and Linalool to Adult Fruit Flies of Ceratitis Capitata, Bactrocera Dorsalis, and Bactrocera Cucurbitae.” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 102, no. 1, 2009, pp. 203–209., doi:10.1603/029.102.0129.